Research by the University of Stirling reveals that low-tech interventions have a transformative effect on wellbeing and safety of older people living in retirement communities
The most-popular low-tech devices among older people include Fitbits, jar openers, tablets, and hot water dispensers
New research undertaken by housing and ageing experts at the University of Stirling has found that introducing low-tech gadgets to retirement living schemes has a major positive impact on health and wellbeing.
Led by Dr Vikki McCall in partnership with housing association, Stonewater, the study, funded by the Longleigh Foundation, sought to find out how technology could best support people living in retirement communities.
And researchers found gadgets such as Fitbits, hot water dispensers, jar openers, and smart speakers, which enabled small changes to residents’ daily life, had a transformative effect on their wellbeing and safety.
Dr McCall, a senior lecturer in social policy and housing at the university, said: “The evidence highlights a strong and recurrent theme where minor improvements to the day-to-day living of older people living in supported accommodation sites, can have the biggest impact and that routine changes can have a transformative effect.
“This can be from making a cup of tea independently, to joining a ‘Fitbit’ walking group, or receiving medication reminders on your tablet.”
The research included interviews with staff and residents at four Stonewater retired living accommodation schemes across England, to identify which technologies might improve living and working conditions.
The technology or ‘gadget’ was then introduced, with researchers recording people’s experiences.
The evidence highlights a strong and recurrent theme where minor improvements to the day-to-day living of older people living in supported accommodation sites, can have the biggest impact and that routine changes can have a transformative effect
The list of solutions examined included those that support time and place orientation, lighting, kitchen gadgets, eating, drinking, and physical and digital technology.
The specific devices, or assisted living technology, ranged from Alexa voice-activated smart speakers to simple jar openers.
The most-popular items included Fitbits, hot water dispensers, a range of jar openers, tablets, radios, inclusive gardening equipment, magnifiers, and Alexa voice-activated technology.
Dr McCall said: “Each piece of tech introduced was based on supporting real-life barriers and challenges, as well as enhancing social opportunities and connectedness.
“Providing assistance with simple, routine tasks was acknowledged to make a significant difference to people.
“This re-conceptualisation of technology – to include low-tech gadgets alongside state-of-the-art digital technology – shows technology as more of a process and that both high and low-tech solutions can play a critical role in daily life, supporting individual wellbeing, social connectedness, and feelings of independence.”
One member of staff involved in the research added: “Everything that’s been provided has made somebody more independent.
“Some of those small, simple gadgets like the plate, the angled spoon, the jar-opener, are amazing.
“Something as small as that which really does challenge someone, is huge in their lives.
“It’s those little, small things which have a huge impact.”
This re-conceptualisation of technology – to include low-tech gadgets alongside state-of-the-art digital technology – shows technology as more of a process and that both high and low-tech solutions can play a critical role in daily life
The findings are contained in a new report Promoting Inclusive living via Technology-Enabled Support, which makes several recommendations for UK and devolved governments, local authorities, and housing associations, as to how assistive and everyday technologies can be implemented to improve the quality of life of residents and promote inclusive communities.
Dr McCall said: “We also identified some barriers to using technology, including concerns about privacy, annoyance with advertising, and a need for help in setting up and maintaining the technology.
“There is a clear need for extra support to be able to use devices and software more effectively – including a requirement for further investment in solutions to overcome barriers related to resources and infrastructure, such as staff training, WiFi, and mobile connections.”
There is a clear need for extra support to be able to use devices and software more effectively – including a requirement for further investment in solutions to overcome barriers related to resources and infrastructure
Recommendations include increasing investment in connectivity infrastructure, revising procurement processes relating to technology, and creating grant mechanisms alongside advice hubs for staff and residents, as well as setting up technology recycling systems.
Nicholas Harris, chief executive at Stonewater, said: “The focus of this study was driven by increasing interest within health and social care policy in assisted living technologies as tools to enable older people to retain independence within their own homes.
“The report has found that technology can play a key role in promoting positive outcomes in people’s lives, but effective implementation requires focus, investment, and ongoing support as people’s needs and technology change.”